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History
Campana de mision jesuiticas

 

 

 

Guaranies

 

 

 

 

Region Jesuitica

 

 

 

 

Santa Ana
 

Gaboto and Núñez Cabeza de Vaca took posesión of the lands of Paraná, Uruguay and Tapé, Misiones geographical base. The lands were conquered, populated and protected from 1609 onwards by the Jesuits, who created the doctrinal regime Guaraní-Tapé that configured the Christian province integrated by 30 well-known towns. Before the missionaries were away from there, they integrated thousands of aboriginal who successfully dedicated to the agriculture and to the cattle raising. They also devoted to arts and crafts. It is necessary to highlight that a book was printed for the first time in this part of America and that it was made by a printing that was built by aboriginal with new phonetic signs of their invention.

 
The Jesuit
 

The missions or reductions developed in the north east of the country, and they extended to regions that nowadays belong to Paraguay, Uruguay and Brazil. The Jesuit acted from the end of the XVI century and the middle of the XVIII c. The first mission was founded in 1609. They ended up occupying 300.000 Km2 where there were 30 towns or guaranties doctrines where 50.000 aboriginal lived. They were exempt of paying taxes, that is why they lived without the necessity of overloading work. The time chronicles eulogized the mission's harmony. They work was happily carried out and a communion spirit reigned among the natives that learned a variety of occupations and arts, standing out the wooden carvings that even today cause astonishment due to their spiritual intensity. About 1630, the first bandeirantes attacks began. They were slave's hunters and they destroyed 13 towns in the following years. In 1643 the missions were authorized to form armies for their defense. In 1648, the Crown abolished the excuse of tributes that had been the base of their development. Epidemic, political problems and disagreements with the Jesuit who governed Paraguay, caused the missions declination about 1730. In Europe there were a growing distrust towards Jesus' Company and there were rumors according to which the Jesuit were the Crown's enemies. In 1758 they were expelled from Portugal, in 1764 from France and in 1767 Charles III expelled them for Spain and from the Empire. The missions were plundered and their residents were captured as slaves.

When they were expelled, the Jesuit made inventories that show in detail the temples' equipments testifying the Baroque splendor of the Christian-guarani culture. The description of that patrimony is very extensive. It wasn't bought with the exploitation of precious mines neither it was produced by unslaved tribes, but for a wild town that was governed with wisdom and who assimilated the European contribution to their own culture.
The Jesuit's expulsion left the Christian-Guaraní in an orphanage situation. Their definitive ruin came half a century later when they were decimated, and their patrimony, architecture and social order were destroyed.
 
The Spanish domination
 
In 1768, after the Jesuit's expulsion the Colonial Misiones Province was created. It was divided into departments and there was a governor. Condelaria, was the capital city. In 1776, when the Río de la Plata Viceroyalty was created, Misiones depended on the Buenos Aires Intendancy, to preserve the political unit. Riva Herrera, Zavala, Soria, Liniers, Velazco and Rocamora were governors from 1768 to 1810. The province, helped to Buenos Aires defense during the English invasions.
 
The revolution of May
 

In 1810 Tomás de Rocamora, Misiones' governor, supported May Revolution. The same year, Manuel Belgrano promulgated from his Tacuari Camp the Provisional Regulation, that was the first Argentinean constitutional essay. It recognized to all the people from Misiones their rights of personal freedom, security, work and property.

Taking advantage of the fact that Misiones' troops were fighting in Brazil, Corrientes invaded Misiones in 1827, and they took possession of towns, goods and properties. This situation lasted 70 years. Misiones, however, got new credits to integrate the Argentinean federal organization reaching civic maturity and growing progress.
 
Current time
 

In 1881 the National Congress sanctioned Misiones Federalization Law, fixing its limits and designating Corpus as capital city. Rudesindo Roca Colonel, in charge of the government proposed Posadas given by Corrientes Province, as capital city. In 1884 it became the capital city. The same year the National Territories Law was dictated and it became the bases of the National Government legal organization. On December 10th 1953 it became a province. In 1958 the Provincial Constitution was sanctioned.

Viajoporargentina - Información turística sobre la República Argentina
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