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To the National Park Iguazú
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

 

They are a sublime whim of the nature and the humanity's patrimony located in a wild and rural mark of subtropical vegetation, characteristic of the National Park Iguazú.

Located to 610 km of Corrientes, 300 km of Inns and only 18 km of Port lguazú, they have a varied service of transport. In the park it exists lodging service and limited gastronomy and exclusive. The basic infrastructure is installed in Port lguazú.

 

Leaving the center of Port lguazú (km 0), go to the south for the RN 12 that it advances almost direct. In their first tract, the route is flanked by about eight hotels and complex tourist of first category. In the km 6 pass in front of the Stall of Tourist Reports and then it enters to the National Reservation Iguazú, with leafy vegetation and savage to both sides. From the derivation triangle in the km 12, the RN 12 continue toward the right to Posadas and Corrientes . Follow right, passing in front of the modern International Airport of lguazú, to enter in the km 18 to the National Park Iguazú.

 

National park Iguazú

 

After the toll in the entrance you arrives to the Central Building of the Administration that concentrates the information and the services and from where they leave the main walks to the forest and the waterfalls of the lguazú. The National Park Iguazú is almost the last haven of the subtropical pluviselva of Argentina to it includes the beautiful waterfalls. It was created by Ordinance N° 64.974 of 1935, being one of the first ones in the country. Their objective is to preserve the exuberant forest and the waterfalls, considered today one of the seven marvels of the world. The forest subtropical missionary, deforestada largely when advancing the civilization, it constituted in their natural state a continuation of the southern Brazilian forest. This park harbors more than 400 species of birds, around 2.000 vegetable species and an incommensurable world of insects, that makes of this bioma one of the richest natural atmospheres in the country. The climate is warm, with temperatures stockings of 15°C in winter and of 26°C in January, and a relative humidity that varies between 75% and 90%. The rains, with an annual average of 2.000 mm , they are caused by winds coming from the Atlantic . The high and permanent values of temperature and relative humidity transform this area into an immense hothouse that gathers the essential conditions for the exuberant manifestation of vegetable life: light, temperature and it dilutes. This forest is characterized by six perfectly identifiable strata between the floor and the glass of the highest trees:

 

  • Stratum of the Giant or Emergent Trees Among them the white guatambú, the black laurel and the cancharana are counted, besides some representatives of the family of the leguminous ones, as the incense, the ivirá pitá and the tail molle, with more than 30 m of height.
  • Stratum of the Big Trees One of the most spectacular members in these strata is the timbó or pacará (black ear), of great height and grosor, while among the most attractive it highlights the guapoy. This last one strangles and it suffocates to another tree, which serves him as support and of which lives in form parásita; at the end, the remains of the original tree are inside the guapoy that then reaches heights of more than 20 m and it develops a great glass.
  • Stratum of the Medium ones Other species of smaller size, but that they in the stratum of the emergent ones, they are the palm pindó, the aguay, the yellow laurel and, in smaller grade, the petiribí.
  • Intermediate stratum constitutes It basically the renewable of trees belonging to the superior strata, the arborescent ferns - typical of regions tropical-and the arbolitos of fleshy fruits.
  • Stratum Arbustivo These two last they are developed in an atmosphere of dimness created by the superior strata, with a great quantity of ferns and bushes among those that highlights the brave nettle, kind of a leaves of great size and urticante to the tact. They are also disseminated in the whole immense area to impenetrable reedbeds from 20 to 30 m of height, with species like the tacuarembó and the tacuaruzú.
  • Stratum Herbáceo On the trunks of big trees and between those of bushes and renovales plants epífitas and several species of orchids, ferns and bromeliáceas grow that include carnations of the air and the caraguatá. They are also abundant the güembés and some cactáceas, as the rhipsalis.

The floración happens during the whole year and, for ende, they always exist varied fruits that serve as food for birds and terrestrial mammals, as the tapir, the corzuela, the paca, the agutí and the carpincho. The food in the glasses of the trees - fleshy fruits, flowers, leaves tender and abundant insects - makes the delights of mammals arborícolas of prehensile line, as the weasels, the tamanduá to bear melero, the coendú or puercoespín arborícola, and the monkeys fell.

Of these herbivores they feed the carnivores, as the cleaning osito or mayuato, the coatí and the biggest ferret. The avifauna, with their trills, movements, shine and coloration, it cannot happen inadvertent. The enormous population of birds, I eat the variety and quantity of food likewise, they made that species like the trogones or surucuaés, the toucans and the parrots have adopted a diet fungívora. Other they feed of insects, as long as the countless variety of picaflores to makes of the nectar of the flowers. Lastly, the butterflies, with their enormous variety and attractiveness colors, forms and sizes, constitute without doubts the "vedettes" for the visitors who marvel with the radiant metallic blue tones and for those more than 15 cm of size of the copies of the gender morpho (beautiful). They also highlight the lines of swallows, denominated this way to possess lines in their later wings with complex designs and combination of varied colors.

   
Viajoporargentina - Información turística sobre la República Argentina
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