It is located in the well-known indigenous place called Chapad that in Mapuche means "dead swamp", the area was a traffic place and a temporary camp of the Indian tribes known as "manzaneras".
The city was founded in 1913 with the railroad arrival, it became terminal station of Ferrocarril General Roca, whose branch, divided the city in a commercial area of old buildings and another residential and modern one.
It is surrounded by a characteristic Patagonian landscape: the steppe.
It is placed to 1012 meters height and it constitutes an obliging place to pass along to go to different tourist points of the province.
Due to its strategic location and also to its mineral wealth, it has become the most important regional industrial center. It has 32.000 inhabitants whose main activity is the exploitation and industrialization from the minerals like: bentonita, marble, plaster and lime.