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Parque Provincial Aconcagua - Mendoza
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Provincial Park Aconcagua

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

This provincial park this located to the northwest of the province of Mendoza , in the department of Las Heras. The distance of city of Mendoza is of 190 Km.

 

Location

 

This provincial park was created in 1986, by means of the Provincial Law Nº 4807, it possesses a surface of 70.000 there is., this located to the northwest of the province of Mendoza in the department of Las Heras.

 

History and antecedents of their creation

 

These regions charged historical value due to the crossing that carried out, in 1818, the General Don José of San Martin to liberate to Chile of the Spanish domain, like part of their campaign of independence. Later, January of 1897, 14 Matías Zurbriggen, member of the expedition Fitzgerald, reaches the summit being the first one in making it. From that then, montañistas from all over the world arrives in summer to climb its defiant walls and to reach its summit. In 1983 Mendoza 's county offers protection to the area declaring it Provincial Park .

 

Administrating entity

 

Address of Renewable Natural Resources, Ministry of Environment of Mendoza .

 

Foundations of their creation

 

To preserve the highest mountainous exponent in America with their fauna and characteristic flora.

 

Distance

 

From Mendoza 's city: 190 km

 

Bioma

 

Altoandino

 

General description

 

The main attraction of the Park is that of the Hill Aconcagua that is crowned as the highest mountain in America with its 6.960 meters. The origin of the name Aconcagua derives of the term Quichua ACKON-CAUAK that stone" "sentry means.

The region is characterized to be arid and rocky, with high summits covered with permanent snow. The vegetation is poor and it covers the hillsides until the 4.000 meters high, this it is represented by grasses like the Coirón and stocky bushes as the Yellow Firewood.

The fauna is also scarce and it shows special adaptations to support such an aridity. One of the most frequent birds is the majestic Condor also called the king of you walk them.

 

Flora

 

The vegetables that inhabit the high mountains, present adaptations to the extreme arid conditions, to the cold and the wind. Some species are characterized by the great development of their roots, and possessing small leaves, being very little that exposed to the surface.

The defense against the herbivores consists on thorns, hair urticantes, resins and substances that give to the leaves an unpleasant flavor, etc.. Many species possess very showy flowers, sometimes twice as much or size triple that the plant, generally of white, yellow or red color that you/they attract the scarce insects polinizadores.

It should be kept in mind that the favorable time for the reproduction is very brief (hardly one month), should take advantage of the vegetables this period to develop flowers, to fecundate them and to disseminate its seeds.

The most frequent species are the grasses Coirones that form the calls "Corionales" and hefty and stocky bushes of slow growth like the Yellow Firewood called generically. The limit for the vegetable life is not beyond the 4.000 meters high, after that which dominates the "Deserted call of height", where you grieve small líquenes they survive.

 

Fauna

 

To big heights we find the Condor. Their enormous wings transform it into the bigger than the flying birds and they grant him an extraordinary glide capacity. To be a bird carroñera it is an important piece in the balance of the ecosystems that it is part, since it is very useful to avoid that other animals make sick.

When consuming the cadavers quickly, it eliminates sources of infection of illnesses or focuses of contamination. This bird has her posts in the cliffs where they are formed groups of several dozens.

If while plans a copy, this descends abruptly, it alerts to the other ones on the probable existence of food. This way they usually congregate in great number around the carrions. Some characteristic birds of the region altoandina are: the Sleepyhead Cinderella that usually sees it to him associated to streams and vegas; Chingolos; the one Eats Andean Suet, common of seeing in steppes altoandinas; the Agachona, of aperdizado plumage that the help to made a mistake with the environment; among many others. The mammals to these big heights are only represented by small rodents, and the reptiles by tiny small lizards.

 

Itineraries

 

A road that can be carried out with common dress is the one that goes to the Lagoon of the Pitches. If you wants himself to continue to Square of Mules or Square France, it is advisable to take trekking team since the walk hard many hours and it lapses for sharp lands.

The andinistas that want to climb, previously should register in the position of surveillance and to pay a canon. Some groups hire the services of the "molleros" that take charge of transporting the team of the andinistas, to mule loin, until the camps of height.

It is recommended not to ascend to the mountain, neither to try to climb, if it doesn't possess the knowledge and the appropriate team. Remember that the controls are strict and the guardaparques, for reasons of security, they will be forced to impede that they continue and to charge high tickets.

Viajoporargentina - Información Turística sobre la República Argentina
© 2003 - Prohibida su reproducción total o parcial. Derechos de Autor 527292 Ley 11723