Turismo en Salta , Argentina
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History of Salta
iglesa de San Francisco




El boliche Balderrama




El cabildo de Salta




Vista de Salta




empanadas salteñas




El telar




Catedral de Salta
It is the capital of the province of the same name and main center of services of the region after San Miguel de Tucumán.

It is located 1.187 m. s.n.m., to the foot of the hill San Bernardo, and in the north end of the old valley of Chicoana, today valley of Lerma, next to an extensive plain with soft decline toward the SSE.

The Aryan river descends from the western serranías and, after receiving the San Lorenzo, it goes by the south of the city. After 50 km, unites with the river Guachipas in the reservoir of Goat Corral, to form the river Passage or Oath.

The city of Lerma in the valley of Salta it was founded April 16 1582 by the graduated Hernando of Lerma, Governor and Justice bigger than the province of the Tucumán.

The purpose of the foundation, enunciated in the viceroy's instructions Toledo in 1579, was the one of providing to «the security gives those that enter and they leave the province of the Tucumán». Lerma specified in the foundation records the objective of conquering to the natural ones «that are rebelled against the service of Its Magestad».

They were years critics for the Spanish establishment in the Tucumán, since Santiago's foundations, Tucumán and Talavera only survived, harassed by the aboriginal ones hostile of the valley Calchaquí and of the Chaco.

When founding the city a muddy place it was chosen but with natural defenses that took advantage like border. These were those ««tagaretes» or small streams: for the north the Tagarete of the Tineo, today Av. Belgra not, and for the south the First river or of the Sallows, today Av. San Martin and street Urquiza.

The plane of the foundation didn't arrive until us but it was, without a doubt, a narrow rectangle of nine for four apples inscripto among the tagaretes, coh the cathedral in the adjacent apple with the Tineo.

In 1582 they were only designated in the special solar plane for the biggest Church, the house of the Town council and jail, San Francisco's Convent and the Governor's house.

As all the cities of the Tucumán, Salta it grew slowly, sobrellevó the difficulties of the war against the natives - calchaquíes last-you the XVII century and Indians of the Chaco during the XVIII one - and recovered of the earthquake of 1692 that ruined all the public and private buildings.

The Bourbon reformation that creó the Viceroyalty of the River Plate in 1776 erected to Salta in capital of the Intendency that embraced equivalent territories to the current northwest region, with jurisdiction it has more than enough Santiago of the Tideland, Catamarca, Tucumán, Jujuy and the current Bolivian county of Tarija.

Coinciding with the renovated prosperity of the whole Spanish empire, Salta became an important city with 5.000 inhabitants, it duplicated their extension, lifted important public buildings and ended up having more than 50 houses - of high», when then in Buenos Aires they are veiled very few and in Tucumán, none.

Between 1810 and 1814, Salta the general barracks of the Armies of the North that fought against the realistic forces was and, between 1814 and 1821, the environment Where the irregular of the general Güemes supported the attack of seven realistic expeditions.

Having been opposite permanent, and the closing of the trade with Bolivia and with the Pacifico, they impoverished the city and they caused the rural population's growth elativo.

In 1778, 37% of you inhabitants of the province were resided in the capital. In the first three national censuses (1869, 1895 and 1914), the population of the same was, respectively, only 19%, 17% r 24% of the provincial total.

The transformation of the country during the liberal period affected scarce and belatedly to Salta.

In 1888 the immigrant population hardly passed 1% and they had not still arrived the railroad neither the tram; ode the administrative activity of the province was still carried out in the old Town council and the traditional ways of life prevailed.

Without emb argo, some data pointed in the sense of the progress» of the century end: four printings existed, three bookstores, three banks, five beneficent societies, three newspapers, the Club 20 of f ebrero and the Club The Progress, and the Theater Victoria, with capacity for 700 people, inaugurated in full main square in 1884.

The city expanded toward the north, where you fit layout the Park February 20 in 1900 and re they had built the new Hospital, the Seminar and foreseen the place for the station of the railroad was it would arrive in 1890.

That same year, got ready to construction from the new House of Government six blocks to the north of the main square. The four confines of Salta they were defined for to the artillery barracks to the north, the jail to the west, the cemetery to the east and the slaughterhouses to the south.

In our century, the city accelerated its development and its population duplicated, especially between 1914 and 1947; made it between 1947 and 1960 again, laughing in this lapse one of the Argentinean cities with more demographic growth. Toward to decade of the thirty the first neighborhoods or urban extensions appeared and the residential occupation of the skirt of the hill began San Bernardo, next to the diffusion of the style architectural neocolonial.

Starting from 1950 the tendency toward the periphery was explosive, and it included the construction of a new Civic Center in Las Lomas de Medeiros, toward final of the years 80.
Viajoporargentina - Información turística sobre la República Argentina
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